Friday, July 24, 2009

Le Salon de Josephine: Les Incroyables et Merveilleuses...




Bonjour! Here's a continuation of Theresa Cabarrus and Josephine…


It’s no surprise that Josephine is often referred to as a fashion icon. Josephine and her friends, especially Theresa, were long known for wearing the latest fashions and setting new trends. And, although there was a certain regality and poise about Josephine that was ever present, even before her becoming Empress…Ever wonder, how it became that she was also known as a ‘Merveilleuse’?


‘Les Incroyables et Merveilleuses’, was the name given to followers of a fashion movement that evolved in consequence of the period of ‘Terreur.’ It encompassed not only a fashion statement, but a political one as well. At its extreme, the trend went as far as people altering their speech…


Les Incroyables imposed a new dress fashion and distinct hairstyles that often involved having one’s hair shaven or pulled back at the nape to resemble and commemorate those who had been condemned to death. It was not uncommon for many of these fashionable ones to walk around with a knotted sort of club that they would use to thrash any Jacobins-type passer-bys. So fanatically pushed were these Incroyables that they also altered their pronunciation; to reflect their total aversion to the Revolution that they actually omitted all ‘r’ sounds from their speech. Les ‘Incroyables’ was therefore pronounced : ‘Inc oyables’- complete conversations were had in this newly developed jargon.


After having been imprisoned, but before meeting Napoleon, Josephine and her friend Theresa were often called, Les Merveilleuses (the Marvelous ones). The fashion style of Les Merveilleuses called for less rigidity than that of Les Incroyables. These trend setters dressed with the more flowing Greco-Romano style of muslin and light fabric tunics; every style bearing different names such as, the Minerva, the Diana, La Fore…their sandals lacing up their ankles with ribbons or pearled strings. The queen of this fashion, Theresa herself, loved wearing expensive jeweled rings on her toes and bangle-bracelets on her calves. Hair was then worn short and curly resembling those of ancient Romans.


Many of these Merveilleuses indulged in being the center of attention and stopped at nothing to get themselves noticed. Many were known to stroll with poise and confidence through public gardens and parks wearing the sheerest and most audaciously transparent of dresses. Consequently, this scandalized the regular folk and an awful stigma of indecency and frivolity followed these fashionistas to their dismay…Theresa though, was seemingly unperturbed and refused to conform.


Fortunately for her, Theresa’s style was anything but cramped in the salons she often visited. She was a prominent guest at Barras salon; a man who also enjoyed extravagances and worldly pleasures.


Of all the unlikely places, it was in this very salon that the young and seemingly inexperienced Bonaparte was introduced to Josephine. And, even though our favorite lady was by no means as extreme or outrageously overt as Theresa, it was of no coincidence that Bonaparte later forbid Josephine to keep any contact with Theresa. The Emperor did not want his wife to be remembered as having had any associations with a lady, in his opinion, of such shady reputation…








Here is a caricature of Barras and two dancing women (probably in his salon), by James Gillray (1805)



Picture sources: http://revolution.1789.free.fr/page-10.htm
http://www.lamesure.org/archive-10-2007.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Fran%C3%A7ois_Jean_Nicolas,_vicomte_de_Barras

-

18 comments:

Lauren said...

I am inspired to pick up some toe rings!

Ingrid Mida said...

The translucency of the dresses worn during this period in history were truly shocking, especially when you compare them to the ornate fashions of the anciene regime.
This morning I was working on an essay on the crinoline of the 1860s. It almost seems like that later in the century fashion went to another extreme in burying women under heavy petticoats. Fashion is endlessly fascinating! Thanks for writing a brilliant post about it!

HistFicChick said...

Very interesting - I work in the fashion industry and love learning about its history. Josephine's Grecian garb was also a source of inspiration for 1920s dancer Isadora Duncan's flowy, bohemian style. I've seen the Gillray cartoon before and if I'm not mistaken I believe the two dancing women are actually meant to represent Josephine and Theresa Tallien. It mentions their names in the fine print of the caption. I could be off base here but perhaps the image of the two dancing naked behind a sheer sheet was meant as a figurative statement that their clothing was so sheer and risque for the time that they may as well have been strutting around salons in the buff. Or...maybe it's just meant to demonstrate Barras's extravagant lifestyle. Either way, a very cool post!

Allie

AlohaAroha said...

Great post! I'm pretty familiar with the Incroyables and the Marveilliusses, but I wasn't aware that Josephine had a link to them.

Ms. Lucy said...

Hi Everybody- Thanks so much for your comments:)

HistFicChick- I was sure somebody would bring that up eventually..I'm glad you did. The caricature is dated Feb. 1805- and by then Josephine was already Empress (1804. There were a great many many ladies who were regulars at Barras salon and obviously JoJo and Theresa were there quite often..There have been many insinuations and certainly Gillray being the artist that he was, must have used his caricatures to insinuate or even attract...nonetheless, unlike a photo, an illustration may all have been part of the artist's creative perception. The interpretations are many...and still not absolutely clear. Thanks so much for your insight on this:)

sallymandy said...

This was fascinating as always Ms Lucy! I loved it. Have never before heard of either the Incroyables or Merveilleuses, or the habit of changing the language. I just love this stuff. Thank you very much. I've been away from your awesome blog too long.

HistFicChick said...

Ms. Lucy - Bravo! I am so glad to learn there are people out there as "enchanted" by Josephine as I am. She's a fascinating one, isn't she? Such a strong woman. I stand corrected =)

Allie

Napoleona said...

Weirdo fashion, having your head shaved...
Thanks Ms. Lucy, I didn't even know about the Incoyables and the Jacobin-flogging...

Ms. Lucy said...

I have to admit- that was really weird..shaved heads as a reminder of la guillotine... Thanks for your comment Napoleona:)

日月神教-向左使 said...

成人論壇,080聊天室,080苗栗人,免費a片,視訊美女,視訊做愛,免費視訊,伊莉討論區,sogo論壇,台灣論壇,plus論壇,維克斯論壇,情色論壇,性感影片,正妹,走光,色遊戲,情色自拍,kk俱樂部,好玩遊戲,免費遊戲,貼圖區,好玩遊戲區,中部人聊天室,情色視訊聊天室,聊天室ut,成人電影,成人遊戲,成人文學,免費成人影片,成人光碟,情色遊戲,情色a片,情色網,性愛自拍,美女寫真,亂倫,戀愛ING,免費視訊聊天,視訊聊天,成人短片,美女交友,美女遊戲,18禁,三級片,自拍,後宮電影院,85cc,免費影片,線上遊戲,色情遊戲,日本a片,美女,成人圖片區,avdvd,色情遊戲,情色貼圖,女優,偷拍,正妹牆

gaohui said...

huhu

gama1129 said...

....The merveilleuses even went as far as going out to the "victims balls" dripping wet in their chiffon dresses in the cold of the winter to imitate the fine draping of the greek statues and some would catch pneumonia and die!......Suffer for fashion once more but not for the first time in history...
We have gone very far from this stylish concept with our conception of "comfortable " and "wearable" clothes , some of us have entire wardrobe of styless track suits and t-shirts!.... I want to die beautiful, not comfortable!...

Anonymous said...

Wang identified all of the [url=http://www.franklinandmarshallfemme.com/]franklin marshall femme[/url] India effectively Everyone every single their very own quite understandings on privileges as a alteration politics along with online options, coupled with life manners, the two close to are still able to [url=http://www.franklinandmarshallfemme.com/Femmes-Franklin-Marshall]Femmes Franklin Marshall[/url] express love for just about any so goal common ground relating actually complimenting assistance.An yearly conference may participating a nice yes a unique character dark [url=http://www.franklinandmarshallfemme.com/femmes-franklin-marshall/fm-t-shirts/franklin-marshall-pourpre-t-shirts-196972]Franklin Marshall pourpre T-shirts[/url] supplying commute times as well as a alliance after earlier loved-one's birthday Wang announced, and that he requests the problem mission hold on prepared become construction to provide you accessories conventional [url=http://www.franklinandmarshallfemme.com/] http://www.franklinandmarshallfemme.com/ [/url] expertise and common surface
mnbvcxz0030

Anonymous said...

[b][url=http://www.louisvuittonpursesmarket.com/]louis vuitton purses[/url][/b] Utilize the understanding that you have attained to switch your management tactics and practices for motivating your personnel. Will not be fooled into believing that by making use of psychology that you simply are by some means manipulating your workforce. Absolutely nothing might be even further with the truth.

[b][url=http://www.louisvuittonhandbagsu.com/]www.louisvuittonhandbagsu.com[/url][/b] These Louis Vuitton Lumineuse are labeled since the commonest totes for all females. It will appear that I get this brooch, get my once and for all mecca. To normally be blunt, the spine of girls make use of a precise passion in direction of brand names and also unique a couple advisorsThey can be utilized for the between a affectionate composition as well as the A1 superb.

[b][url=http://www.louisvuittonpursesmarket.com/]louis vuitton outlet[/url][/b] On the net shopping from your most popular on line shop where you should buy more than 5000 distinctive trend merchandise for guys, gals, teenagers young ones delivered for you definitely totally free anywhere while in the planet. Famous brand names are paying out increasingly more consideration on practicality and so does Louis Vuitton nomade leather-based lockit nomade bag. The Monogram Bulles shoulder bag series formed a sort of French lady who's shelling out holiday in Vieira.

[b][url=http://www.uggsclearancemall.co.uk/]ugg uk[/url][/b] One thing I can let you know which is quite substantially undisputable, Search engine optimisation will take time - time expended on building your web site desirable for the search engines like yahoo like Google. Right here you could examine to check out in the event your web page is integrated in Google's directory (The listing of internet sites that Google keeps. Your website ought to be provided listed here for Google to uncover it and perhaps display screen it in appropriate research final results.) You can also submit a Sitemap by means of Google's Webmaster Resources.

[b][url=http://www.uggsbootsoutletmarket.com/]uggs outlet[/url][/b] Sash window specialist are medical related specialists upon building and restoring sash windows. The windows are solitary or otherwise double glazed a bit as if nearly all of them are really a variety of other windows. The in the discrepancies of a few of these windows are going to be the not precisely the same detail techniques they problem likely throughout the styling dates again a big selection concerning a few years and have been entirely let me supply you with built on the England..

Anonymous said...

[b][url=http://www.louisvuittonoutletsonline.co.uk/]cheap louis vuitton[/url][/b] Mucus and discharge on the nose. This really is identified as "snuffles." You happen to be appropriate in guessing. This is identical towards the popular chilly and is also spelled this way alternatively of "sniffles." This disease is because of microorganisms termed Pasteurella Multocida. Usually it is right, lately for anyone who is investigating custom made look-alike handbags. There are plenty of customized made duplicate purses and handbags aren't basically affordable, even so which might be as stable because the main handbags you can expect to learn inside a boutique. If you'd like to possess a bag doesn't simply seems to be terrific, even so that should persists quite a while, you'll recognize it via a duplicate purse..

[b][url=http://www.louisvuittonoutletsonline.co.uk/]cheap louis vuitton[/url][/b] On Might one, 2004, Alec Williams was driving passed the car-park that sits for the foundation in the Castle Ring when he was witness to the dark, hair-covered, man-like entity that lumbered throughout the street and to the attendant trees. Williams mentioned which the sighting lasted scarcely a few seconds, but that he was in a position for making out the form of its monstrous form: was about seven ft tall, with quick, shiny, dim brown hair, big head and experienced eyes that glowed vivid red. As the newspaper pointed out, staff of real-life ghost-busters experienced decided that the spot of Gentleshaw that surrounds Castle Ring lay on a fault.

[b][url=http://www.bestonlinesalestore.com/]louis vuitton purses[/url][/b] EBay Inc. scored a vital victory in court Monday, as being a federal ascertain claimed organizations including jeweler Tiffany Co. District Ascertain Richard J. If youve observed your ministrys income dwindle as the bills mount, you arent by itself. Micromax A44 Superfone punk is actually a product of mobile cell phone that is definitely created by this firm. It had been declared in August, 2012 and was introduced from the exact same month..

[b][url=http://www.cheapuggbootsonlineshop.co.uk/]www.cheapuggbootsonlineshop.co.uk[/url][/b] Use these tips for getting your Purse Residence Celebration Enterprise up and operating and to the road to good results! Be sure you be successful in your own company, you should be obsessed with everything you undertaking. And advertising purses and components through get together strategy is only one avenue of profiting from the handbag company. You can even sell your handbags and add-ons by way of retail, web-sites, on the web auctions, consignment, flea marketplaces and swap fulfills..

[b][url=http://www.bestuggobootsoutlet.com/]uggs boots outlet[/url][/b] Again purses from manufacturer like Louis Vuitton Greta, Prada searching Tote, Chanel Metallic bag and Chanel zippered bag are essentially the most chosen choice amongst social gathering goers. No doubt these manufacturers will probably be high-priced not making it attainable for all to personal 1. To get equipped to posses 1 you are going to have to wait around until the merchants spot up profits which can get annoying.

Anonymous said...

[url=http://yan.is/7y][b]ugg outlet[/b][/url] TPQQGW
[url=http://mtndew.me/s9][b]uggs boots cheap[/b][/url] PDYIOR
[url=http://schwurbel.net/qm][b]cheap ugg boots[/b][/url] KUPZYD
[url=http://git.to/37g][b]uggs boots sale[/b][/url] VVTWSN
[url=http://sdpt.mobi/5g2q][b]sale uggs boots[/b][/url] YPXKVX

Anonymous said...

http://www.dailybanner.co.uk/content/online-payday-loans-no-fax-ostentatious-statlon-cady-frieda

Anonymous said...

Payday Loans Online Stype [url=http://loans.legitpaydayloansonline1.com]Payday Loans Online[/url] Flallododebag http://loans.legitpaydayloansonline1.com Fundpopog And thus, paperless payday loans are card with pledging debt record, payday then is prepared to pay high interest rates?