Sunday, January 10, 2010

Guest Post by Leslie Carroll: Malmaison




Please welcome Leslie Carroll, author of  NOTOROIOUS ROYAL MARRIAGES for dedicating this wonderful post especially written for Enchanted by Josephine!

MALMAISON




No one knows how Malmaison (“bad house”) got its name.  The château’s life began as a fief of the Abby of Saint-Denis, and from 1360 to 1763 it remained in the same family.  On April 21 1799 the property was purchased by Josephine Bonaparte, the wife of the rising Corsican-born general, Napoleon. 

Neither of them had remained faithful to each other thus far.  Josephine, the widowed mother of two children, Eugène and Hortense, was a survivor—of one bad marriage, and of the Terror.  Josephine’s second marriage, to Napoleon, was initially another exercise of her keen survival instincts, although she and Bonaparte would eventually become thoroughly dependent on each other in every way.

In 1799, Josephine was deep into an extramarital fling with another diminutive dark-haired officer, Hippolyte Charles.  Nonetheless, she was depressed and missed her husband. She had taken Napoleon’s suggestion to find them a quiet country estate, purchasing the Château de Malmaison some ten miles from Paris, lavishly furnishing and redecorating it, although she was already up to her eyebrows in debt.




Napoleon returned from Egypt and after a particularly acrimonious spat, the Bonapartes patched up their differences—although things would never be the same between them.  In retaliation for Josephine’s affair with Hippolyte, Napoleon had enjoyed numerous adulterous liaisons, throwing his infidelity in his wife’s face. His numerous sexual conquests humiliated her.  The room adjacent to his office was set aside for trysts, during which he would divest himself of little more than his sword, insisting that “the matter was all dealt with in three minutes.”

“Love is not for me,” he dismissively claimed. “I am not as other men.”

Josephine never again so much as glanced at another man, desperate to regain her husband’s trust.

As they rebuilt their marriage, they reconfigured Malmaison.  Already Josephine’s dream home, Napoleon’s architects, Fontaine and Percier, altered the front façade so that it resembled a military tent.  Classical statuary adorned a series of buttresses that unfortunately no longer exist.  There was even a theatre, which is gone now as well.

After Josephine was crowned empress of France on December 2, 1804, she rededicated herself to making Malmaison even more her own idyll. A conservatory and garden were added, because Josephine was passionate about flowers, especially roses.  And she indulged her passion for collecting art and antiquities.

Although he claimed to have been doing it for France, a purportedly brokenhearted Napoleon divorced Josephine on January 10, 1810 because she had failed to give him an heir.  When the ceremony was over and all the documents had been duly executed, Napoleon kissed Josephine and accompanied her to her apartments.  Later that day, she visited his rooms, her hair “disordered and her face contorted,” according to Napoleon’s valet Louis Constant.  The imperial couple began to weep. “Be brave,” the emperor counseled his now ex-wife, “I will always be your friend.”

The following day Josephine and her household moved into Malmaison.  Napoleon visited her there that afternoon, and they were spotted walking hand in hand.  It was clearly painful for each of them to let go of what they had shared for so many years.  Josephine had been the emperor’s rock, confidante, companion, and grand passion.  She had grown in the relationship from tepid indifference to utter devotion.  Even after Napoleon's 1814 exile to Elba, Josephine maintained his rooms at Malmaison, shrinelike, just as he had left them.

By this time, Josephine was fifty years old.  Her skin had become discolored and her usually dulcet voice was raspy and hoarse.  She had caught a cold in mid-May after going riding in one of her flimsy white muslin frocks and the chill had metamorphosed into a fever.  Her symptoms were those of diphtheria.  Yet she refused to remain in bed, hosting a dinner and dance in the tsar’s honor on the evening of May 24.  Over the next couple of days her condition worsened. On May 27 she became delirious, murmuring his name . . . Bonaparte.

Josephine’s children were beside her gilded swan-shaped bed when she died at Malmaison on the morning of May 29, “as gently and sweetly as she lived,” according to her son, Eugène. Mourning etiquette prevented her children from attending their mother’s funeral, a quiet ceremony held in the church at Rueil, where they later erected a sculpture of her.






I had the pleasure of visiting Malmaison last September.  It was a gloomy day, the Parisian skies as gray as the façade of the château, the falling leaves damp and brown.  From the moment I stepped on the gravel walk that leads to the main entrance, I was hit with the profoundest tristesse.  The “bad” house was, palpably, the “sad” house.  Perhaps it was because my husband and I were practically the only ones there.  Had everyone forgotten Josephine?  The château is presently a museum of Napoleona.  Maybe everyone visits his tomb at Les Invalides and doesn’t bother to take the Metro and then a bus all the way out to the estate that had been the quiet comfort of the imperial couple, a cozy monument of their love.

As it was late September, what remained of Josephine’s magnificent gardens was sparse and sere—except for a couple of survivors, a few late summer roses that had managed to stay in full bloom through the first few days of fall.  I had to photograph one of them; and it was not until I loaded them on my computer that I could see the details of what I had initially thought was one perfect pure white rose.  Look closely and you will see several pale red spots.  It is as if the rose itself had survived the sprays of blood from the Terror.

And I’m sure you all know what Josephine’s real name was.  But in case you don’t—until Napoleon decided to rename her, she was always known as Rose.






 Thank You Leslie!





278 comments:

1 – 200 of 278   Newer›   Newest»
Leslie Carroll said...

Lucy, thank you so much for posting this. I'm so glad the pix I took of Malmaison came out so well.

This has been a truly amazing week for me, and I am eternally grateful to you and to the other goddesses of the HFBRT for your passionate and enthusiastic support of NOTORIOUS ROYAL MARRIAGES!

Ms. Lucy said...

Leslie it was more than a pleasure! I'm so glad that it was Your book that inaugurated our event! You're not only an-all around talented author/ artist- you're truly a fantastic person. Thanks so much!

RKCharron said...

Thank you for a wonderful post. The pictures were gorgeous. I really enjoyed learning more about that mansion/house.
:)

dolleygurl said...

An amazing post - It is always more special to see images of these places you hear of. Great picture of the rose Leslie.

Matterhorn said...

What an interesting article. Very pretty mansion, but it really does have an odd name. The part about the red-sprinkled white rose was really evocative.

Arleigh said...

Love the photos, and that is interesting about the rose. It's ironic that Marie Antoinette had her Petit Triannon and then Josephine made her Malmaison as her retreat.

Christine Trent said...

Actually, I didn't know that Napoleon renamed her from Rose to Josephine. Very interesting! Although Malmaison looks beautiful, I imagine it would almost be sad to visit, knowing what happened there. Leslie, do you know what happened to Malmaison after Josephine's death? Was it sold to pay her debts?

Leslie Carroll said...

After Josephine's death, Malmaison changed owners several times. Her son Eugene inherited the chateau, but because the entire Bonaparte family (including Josephine's kids) were kicked out of France after Napoleon's enforced abdication, Eugene was exiled to Bavaria (his wife was Augusta-Amalia of Bavaria). He died there in 1824 and his widow sold Malmaison to a Swedish banker.

In 1842 it was purchased by the exiled queen of Spain Maria-Christina; she sold it to Napoleon III (the son of Josephine's daughter Hortense and her husband) in 1861. Napoleon III's wife, the Empress Eugenie, was the first one to turn Malmaison into a museum. Fighting in 1870 forced its closure and the chateau went into decline after the fall of the Second Empire. Malmaison was later bought by a man named Daniel Osiris Iffla (great name, huh?), who gave it to the State for use as a museum once again, opening it to the public in 1906.

Ms. Lucy said...

That is so interesting Leslie! Thanks fo including this important information:)

Jenny Girl said...

What a beautiful yet sad post. Poor Josephine, to have endured all of that, and yet remain a wonderful woman speaks to her fiber of being. Excellent post.

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